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aRNA Synthesis Kits for DNA Microarrays

For amplification of RNA for microarray, splice variant microarrays and other down stream applications where high quality aRNA is required.

This kit is optimized to use 50ng-1µg of total cellular RNA as starting material. The process includes the following steps:

  • First Strand cDNA Synthesis
  • Second Strand cDNA Synthesis
  • Amplification of ds cDNA
  • Purification of ds cDNA
  • In Vitro Transcription with T7 RNA Polymerase featuring T7 Booster, a proprietary blend of enhancers to augment the polymerase activity resulting in an increase in both the yield and the amount of full-length transcripts. Special proteins are added into this enhancer mix that protects the nascent RNA strand during synthesis.
  • RNA Purification

If used properly this kit will generate 5-250µg of amplified anti-sense mRNA (aRNA) ready for labeling.

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Quality Control
  • Product Advantages
  • Technical Assistance
  • Requirements
  • Short Protocol
  • Complete Protocol
  • Ordering Information
  • Warranty

Introduction
Congratulations on taking a big step towards improving the economies of scale, quality and speed of your genomics research. This booklet contains a complete set of protocols outlining the steps and principles needed to use ArrayIt® aRNA Synthesis kit.

Quality Control
TeleChem assures the performance of this product. The finest scientific research went into the development of this product. Rigorous quality control monitoring on a lot-by-lot basis guarantees that the ingredients conform to the highest industry standards.

Product Advantages

  • The most comprehensive kit available
  • Robust RT reaction; allows full length cDNA synthesis with unique primers
  • Unique second strand synthesis: takes the advantage of both linear and exponential amplifications
  • Purification using unique columns that minimize loss
  • Optimized reactions with unique additives, resulting in a huge incremental yield

Contents

Item

Packaging

Storage

Enzyme Mix 1

16.5µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Enhancer solution

50µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Reaction buffer 1

50µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

dNTP Mix

22µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

DTT

50µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Primer 1AS

11µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Primer 2AS

11µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Primer 3AS

22µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Primer 4AS

11µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Enzyme Mix 2

11µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Reaction Buffer 2

150µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

DNA Binding Buffer

1.1ml in 2ml tube

Room Temperature

DNA Wash Buffer Concentrate

0.5ml in 8ml bottle

Room Temperature

DNA Micro Column (without cap)

10

Room Temperature

Elution Tube (1.5ml)

10

Room Temperature

2 ml Wash Tube

10

Room Temperature

Nuclease Free Water

1.5ml in 2ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Enzyme Mix 3

22µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

NTP Mix

79.2µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Reaction Buffer 3

22µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

DNAse

11µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Sodium Acetate Solution

50µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Linear Acrylamide

11µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Requirements
Items needed but not supplied

  • Ethanol  100%
  • Ethanol 70%
  • Ice for incubation
  • PCR tubes

Equipment needed

  • Thermal cycler
  • Refrigerated microfuge capable of 10,000 rpm or more
  • Micro-pipettes
  • Vortex mixer
  • Homogenizer (if using tissue)
  • Temperature regulated water bath or dry bath
  • Note: Spin all tubes briefly before opening.

This kit is optimized to use 50ng-1µg of total cellular RNA as starting material. The process includes the following steps:

  • First Strand cDNA Synthesis
  • Second Strand cDNA Synthesis
  • Amplification of ds cDNA
  • Purification of ds cDNA
  • In Vitro Transcription with T7 RNA Polymerase
  • RNA Purification

If used properly this kit will generate 5-250µg of amplified antisense mRNA (aRNA) ready for labeling.

Total working time required for this kit is between 5-6 hrs.

Short Protocol
1. First Strand cDNA Synthesis.
2. Second Strand cDNA Synthesis.
3. Amplification of dsDNA.
4. Purification of dsDNA.
5. In Vitro Transcription with T7 RNA Polymerase.
6. RNA Purification.

Complete Protocol

Step 1.
First Strand cDNA Synthesis.
In a PCR tube on ice add the following:

  • Eluted RNA (50ng-1g)                x µl
  • Primer 1AS                                 1µl
  • Nuclease Free Water to make up   11.5µl

Incubate the reaction tube at 65oC for 5 mins.
Incubate at room temperature for 10mins to allow the annealing of the primers.
Add the following to the reaction tube:

  • Enhancer Solution    2µl
  • Reaction Buffer 1      2µl
  • Enzyme Mix 1           1.5µl
  • dNTP Mix                 1µl
  • Primer 2AS             1µl
  • DTT                      1µl
  • Total reaction volume    20µl

Incubate in a PCR machine at 42oC for 60 mins.
Followed by 95oC for 5mins to inactivate the Reverse Transcriptase.
Chill on ice for 5mins and briefly spin to collect all the liquid.

Step 2. Second Strand cDNA Synthesis.
To the reaction tube on ice add the following:

  • Enzyme Mix 2                 1µl
  • Reaction Buffer 2            10 µl
  • dNTP Mix                       1 µl
  • Primer 3AS                     2 µl
  • Nuclease free water        16 µl
  • Total Reaction Volume  50 µl

Perform the following pattern of incubation in a thermal cycler:

  • Incubation   37oC for 10 mins
  • Denaturation   98oC for 40 secs
  • Anneal   60oC for 30 secs
  • Extend   72oC for 4 mins
  • Incubation   4oC for 5 mins

    Step 3. Amplification of ds cDNA.
    Briefly spin to collect all the liquid and add 1 µl of Primer 4 AS.
    Perform five to ten cycles of PCR in a thermal cycler depending on the starting amount of RNA viz. when starting with 50 ng total RNA perform 10 cycles, when amplifying from 1 µg total RNA perform 5 cycles.

    • Initial Denaturation 98oC for 2 mins
    • Denaturation 98oC for 30 secs    (Cycle 5-10 times)
    • Anneal   60oC for 30 secs (Cycle 5-10 times)
    • Extend   72oC for 4 mins (Cycle 5-10 times)
    • Terminal Extension 72oC for 10 mins
    • Incubation 4oC for 5 mins

    Briefly spin to collect all the liquid.

    Step 4. Purification of ds cDNA.

    • Before starting add 2 ml of 100% ethanol to DNA Wash Buffer Concentrate
    • Add 100 µl DNA Binding Buffer
    • Load the entire contents onto a DNA micro column and place the column in a 2 ml wash tube
    • Centrifuge for 1 min at full speed in a microfuge (>10000 rpm), discard the flow through and reuse the wash tube
    • Add 100 µl of DNA wash buffer to the column and spin at full speed for 1 min
    • Add another 100 µl of DNA wash buffer to the column and spin at full speed for 2 min
    • Discard the 2 ml wash tube and carefully place the column in an elution tube
    • Add 8 µl of nuclease free water that has been pre-warmed to 60oC to the center of the column
    • Wait for 2 mins and spin at full speed for 1 min
    • Reload the filtrate onto the column
    • Wait for 2 mins and spin at full speed for 1 min
    • Discard the column and use the cDNA in the next step

    Note: If desired the eluted cDNA can now be frozen and stored at –20oC.

    Step 5. In Vitro Transcription with T7 RNA Polymerase.
    Place a PCR tube at room temperature and add the following:
    Note: Assemble the T7 reaction at room temperature, if the reaction buffer 3 shows a white precipitate; incubate the buffer at 37 oC for 5 mins and allow to cool to room temperature before setting up the reaction

    • Purified cDNA               6.8 µl
    • Reaction Buffer 3          2 µl
    • NTP Mix                      7.2 µl
    • DTT                            2 µl
    • Enzyme Mix 3               2 µl
    • Total reaction volume  20 µl

    Incubate in a PCR machine at 37oC for 30-60 mins.

    Use 30 mins when the starting total RNA is 1µg and 60 mins when the starting total RNA is 50 ng.
    Chill on ice for 5 mins and briefly spin to collect all the liquid.

    Step 6. RNA Purification.

    • Add 1 µl of DNAse to the reaction tube and incubate 37 oC for 15 mins
    • Chill on ice for 5 mins and briefly spin to collect all the liquid
    • Add 2 µl of Sodium Acetate Solution
    • Add 50 µl 100% ethanol
    • Add 1 µl of Linear Acrylamide
    • Mix gently with a pipette tip and incubate at -20 oC for 30 mins
    • Centrifuge for 15 mins at full speed in a microfuge (>10000 rpm) at 4oC
    • Remove the supernatant carefully and gently rinse the pellet twice with 200 µl of 70% ethanol
    • Briefly air dry the pellet and reconstitute in 25 µl nuclease free water
    • RNA can be stored at -70 oC as a dry pellet or re-suspended in nuclease free water or TE or other suitable buffer

    Ordering Information

    Product

    Description

    Catalog ID

    aRNA Synthesis Amplification Kit(10-reactions)

    This kit is optimized to use 50ng-1µg of total cellular RNA as starting material. If used properly this kit will generate 5-250µg of amplified antisense mRNA (aRNA) ready for labeling.

    ASK

    Warranty
    Arrayit Universal mRNA products are sold for research purposes only. Arrayit products are not for use in human diagnostics or for drug purposes, nor are they to be administered to humans in any way.  Extreme care and exact attention should be practiced in the use of the materials described herein.  Arrayit products are subject to extensive quality control and are guaranteed to perform as described when used properly. This product is stable for at least 1 year from the date of purchase when stored at –80°C. Any problems with these products should be reported to Arrayit immediately. Our liability is limited to the replacement of the product, or a full refund.  Any misuse of this product is the full responsibility of the user, and Arrayit makes no warranty or guarantee under such circumstances.