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mRNA Amplification Kits for DNA Microarrays

The most robust, comprehensive and complete kits available for mRNA amplification. The ArrayIt MiniAmp mRNA amplification kit is optimized to use 50 ng-1 µg of total cellular RNA as starting material.

The process includes the following steps:

  1. First Strand full length ds cDNA Synthesis: Featuring RT Booster, a proprietary ionic based enhancer solution that improves reverse transcriptase activity resulting in an increase in both the yield and the amount of full length cDNA products.
  2. Linear and exponential second strand cDNA Synthesis.
  3. Amplification of ds cDNA.
  4. High yield cDNA Purification of ds cDNA.
  5. High yield in-vitro transcription with T7 RNA Polymerase: Featuring T7 Booster, a proprietary blend of enhancers to augment the polymerase activity resulting in an increase in both the yield and the amount of full length transcripts. Special proteins are added into this enhancer mix that protects the nascent RNA strand during synthesis.
  6. Amplified RNA Purification.

If used properly this kit will generate 5-50ug of amplified sense strand mRNA ready for labeling with amino allyl dUTP based labeling.

Can be used stand alone or in conjunction with:

  • Indirect Amino Allyl Fluorescent Labeling Kit
  • Universal Reference mRNA for Human, Mouse and Rat
  • Micro-Total RNA Extraction Kit

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  •  Quality Control
  • Product Advantages
  • Kit Contents
  • Technical Assistance
  • Requirements
  • Equipment Requirements
  • Short Protocol
  • Complete Protocol
  • Ordering Information
  • Warranty

Introduction
Congratulations on taking a big step towards improving the economies of scale, quality and speed of your genomics research. This booklet contains a complete set of protocols outlining the steps and principles needed to use ArrayIt® MiniAmp mRNA amplification kit.

Quality Control
TeleChem assures the performance of this product. The finest scientific research went into the development of this product. Rigorous quality control monitoring on a lot-by-lot basis guarantees that the ingredients conform to the highest industry standards.

Product Advantages

The most comprehensive kit available
Robust RT reaction; allows full length cDNA synthesis with unique primers
Unique second strand synthesis: takes the advantage of both linear and exponential amplifications
cDNA purification using unique columns that minimize loss
Optimized T7 reaction with unique additives, resulting in a huge incremental yield

Kit Contents

Item

Packaging

Storage

Enzyme Mix 1

16.5µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

RT Booster (enhancer solution)

50µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Reaction buffer 1

50µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

dNTP Mix

40µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

DTT

50µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Primer 1 Mix

11µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Primer 2

11µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Primer 3

22µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Primer 4

11µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Enzyme Mix 2

11µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Reaction Buffer 2

150µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

DNA Binding Buffer

1.1ml in 2ml tube

Room Temp

DNA Wash Buffer Concentrate

0.5ml in 8ml bottle

Room Temp

DNA Micro Column

10

Room Temp

Elution Tube (1.5ml)

10

Room Temp

2 ml Wash Tube

10

Room Temp

Nuclease Free Water

1.5ml in 2ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Enzyme Mix 3

22µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

NTP Mix

79.2µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Reaction Buffer 3

22µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

DNAse

11µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Sodium Acetate Solution

50µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Linear Acrylamide

20µl in 0.5ml tube

-20oC Freezer

Technical Assistance
Please contact us if you have any comments, suggestions, or if you need technical assistance.  By electronic mail:
Cette adresse email est protégée contre les robots des spammeurs, vous devez activer Javascript pour la voir. (under the subject heading please type ArrayIt technical assistance).  By telephone: (408) 744-1331, Monday—Friday PST 9:00am - 4:30pm. Please remember that we want to hear about your successes!

Requirements
Items needed but not supplied:

  • Ethanol  100%
  • Ethanol 70%
  • Ice for incubation
  • PCR tubes

    Equipment needed:

    • Thermal cycler
    • Refrigerated microfuge capable of 10,000 rpm or more
    • Micropipettors
    • Vortex mixer
    • Homogenizer (if using tissue)
    • Temperature regulated water bath or dry bath

    IMPORTANT NOTE: Spin all tubes briefly before opening.

    Short Protocol
    This kit is optimized to use 50 ng-1 µg of total cellular RNA as the starting material, and will generate 5-50 µg of amplified sense strand mRNA suitable for labeling with aminoallyl dUTPs.

    The process requires the following steps:
    1. Perform first strand cDNA synthesis.
    2. Perform second strand cDNA synthesis.
    3. Amplify the double-stranded (ds) cDNA.
    4. Purify the double-stranded cDNA.
    5. Transcribe the ds cDNA with T7 RNA polymerase in vitro.
    6. Purify the amplified RNA (aRNA).
    7. Perform cDNA synthesis on aRNA using aminoallyl-labeled dNTPs.

    Complete Protocol
    1. Perform first strand cDNA synthesis.

    To a PCR tube on ice, add the following:

    • Total cellular RNA (50 ng-1 µg)  1-10 µl
    • Primer 1 Mix                                1 µl
    • Nuclease-free water                   0-9 µl
      Total volume                                  11 µl

    Incubate PCR tube at 65°C for 5 min to denature the RNA.

    Incubate PCR tube at 20-25°C for 10 min to allow primer annealing.

    Add the following to the PCR tube:

    • RT Booster (enhancer solution)   2 µl
    • Reaction Buffer 1                      2 µl
    • Enzyme Mix 1                         1.5 µl
    • dNTP Mix                               1.5 µl
    • Primer 2                                  1 µl
    • DTT                                      1 µl
      Total reaction volume              20 µl

    Incubate in a PCR machine at 42°C for 60 min.
    Incubate at 95°C for 5 min to inactivate the reverse transcriptase.
    Chill on ice for 5 min.
    Spin tube briefly to consolidate the 20 µl sample.
    Return tube to ice before proceeding to next step.

    2. Perform second strand cDNA synthesis.
    To the PCR tube on ice, add the following:

    • Enzyme mix 2                         1 µl
    • Reaction buffer 2                    10 µl
    • dNTP mix                               2.5 µl
    • Primer 3                                 2 µl
    • Nuclease-free water                14.5 µl
      Total reaction volume              50 µl

    Using a thermal cycler, perform the following steps:

    • Incubate at 37°C for 10 min
    • Denature at 98°C for 40 sec
    • Anneal at 60°C for 30 sec
    • Extend at 72°C for 4 min
    • Incubate at 4°C for 5 min


    3. Amplify the double-stranded (ds) cDNA.
    Spin PCR tube briefly to consolidate the 50 µl sample.
    Add 1 µl of Primer 4.
    Using a thermal cycler, perform 5-10 cycles of PCR in a thermal cycler depending on the starting amount of RNA.  When starting with 50ng of total RNA or 2500 cells perform 10 cycles, when amplifying form 1 1 µg of total RNA or 50,000 cells perform 5 cycles:

    • Initial Denaturation 98°C for 2 min
    • Cycle 5-10 times using 98°C for 30 sec, 60°C for 30 sec, and 72°C for 4 min
    • Extend 72°C for 10 min
    • Incubate 4°C for 5 min

    Spin briefly to collect all the liquid.

    4. Purify the double-stranded cDNA.
    Note:  To prepare the DNA Wash Buffer, add 2 ml of 100% ethanol to the DNA Wash Buffer Concentrate.

    • To the PCR tube, add 100 µl of DNA Binding Buffer.
    • Load the entire contents onto a DNA micro column.
    • Place the column in a 2 ml wash tube.
    • Spin for 1 min at full speed in a microfuge (>10,000 rpm).
    • Discard the flow-through and reuse the wash tube.
    • Add 100 µl of DNA Wash Buffer to the column.
    • Spin at full speed (>10,000 rpm) for 1 min.
    • Discard the flow-through and reuse the wash tube.
    • Add 100 µl of DNA Wash Buffer to the column.
    • Spin at full speed (>10,000 rpm) for 2 min.
    • Discard the 2 ml wash tube.
    • Place the column containing the sample into an elution tube.
    • Add 8 µl of nuclease-free water (pre-warmed to 60°C) to the center of the column.
    • Wait for 2 min and spin at full speed (>10,000 rpm) for 1 min.
    • Re-load the filtrate onto the column.
    • Wait for 2 min and spin at full speed (>10,000 rpm) for 1 min.
    • Use the 8 µl ds cDNA sample in Step 5 (discard the column).

    5. Transcribe the ds cDNA with T7 RNA polymerase in vitro.
    Note: Set up the T7 reaction at room temperature.  If Reaction Buffer 3 contains a white precipitate, incubate the buffer at 37°C and allow to cool to room temperature before setting up the reaction.

    To a PCR tube at room temperature, add the following:

    • Purified ds cDNA                      6.8 µl
    • Reaction Buffer 3                      2 µl
    • NTP Mix                                  7.2 µl
    • DTT                                        2 µl
    • T7 Booster (Enzyme Mix 3)        2 µl
    •  Total Reaction Volume              20 µl

    Incubate in a PCR machine at 37oC for 30-60 mins.
    Use 30 mins when the starting total RNA is 1mg and 60 mins when the starting total RNA is 50ng.
    Chill on ice for 5 min. and briefly spin to collect all the liquid.
    Spin briefly to consolidate the 20 µl sample.

    6. Purify the amplified RNA (aRNA).

    • To the PCR reaction tube, add 1 µl of DNAse.
    • Incubate at 37°C for 15 min.
    • Chill on ice for 5 min.
    • Spin briefly to consolidate the 21 µl sample.
    • Add 2 µl of Sodium Acetate Solution.
    • Add 50 µl 100% ethanol.
    • Add 1 µl of Linear Acrylamide.
    • Mix gently by pipeting.
    • Incubate at -20°C for 20-30 min to precipitate the aRNA.
    • Spin for 15 min (4°C) at full speed in a microfuge (>10,000 rpm).
    • Remove the supernatant carefully and discard.
    • Rinse the pellet gently two times with 200 µl of 70% ethanol.
    • Dry the aRNA pellet by vacuum centrifugation (can store indefinitely at -80°C).
    • Re-suspend aRNA pellet in 25 µl nuclease-free water.

    7. Perform cDNA synthesis on aRNA using aminoallyl-labeled dNTPs.

    • Obtain 25 µl aRNA sample from Step 6.
    • Transfer 2 µl in 100 µl of water.
    • Quantify spectrophotometrically by measuring the optical density (OD) at 260.
    • Use 1-2 µg of aRNA for labeling using the aminoally labeling kit.
    • Use 1-2 µg of Universal Reference mRNA as a control for aminoallyl labeling.

    Ordering Information

    Product

    Description

    Catalog ID

    ArrayIt MiniAmp mRNA Amplification Kit (10-reactions)

    This robust and complete kit is optimized to use 50ng-1µg of total cellular RNA as starting material. The process includes the following steps:

    • First Strand cDNA Synthesis
    • Second Strand cDNA Synthesis
    • Amplification of ds cDNA
    • cDNA Purification of ds cDNA
    • In Vitro Transcription with T7 RNA Polymerase
    • Amplified RNA Purification

    MAK

    Warranty
    Arrayit Universal mRNA products are sold for research purposes only. Arrayit products are not for use in human diagnostics or for drug purposes, nor are they to be administered to humans in any way.  Extreme care and exact attention should be practiced in the use of the materials described herein.  Arrayit products are subject to extensive quality control and are guaranteed to perform as described when used properly. This product is stable for at least 1 year from the date of purchase when stored at –80°C. Any problems with these products should be reported to Arrayit immediately. Our liability is limited to the replacement of the product, or a full refund.  Any misuse of this product is the full responsibility of the user, and Arrayit makes no warranty or guarantee under such circumstances.